TENSES

Simple Present Tense
kebiasaan setiap hari yang waktunya spesifik
Rumus
(he, she, it) + V1 + s/es………….(+)
(I, you, we, they) + V1………….(+)
do (1, you, we, they) + V1………(?)
Does (he, she, it) + V1………….(?)
(I, you, we, they) do not + V1….(-)
(he, she, it) does not + V1……..(-)

Present Progressive Tense
Kegiatan yang membutuhkan durasi waktu (saat ini)
Rumus :
I am + V-ing………………………(+)
(we, you, they) are + V-ing……..(+)
(He, she, it) is + V-ing…………..(+)
Am I + V-ing………………………(-)
Are (you, they, we) + V-ing……..(-)
Is (he, she, it) + V-ing……………(-)
I am not + V-ing …………………(-)
(we, they, you) are not + V-ing…(-)
(he, she, it) is not + V-ing………(-)

Example : Simple Present and Present Progressive
We …… (eat) dinner at seven o’clock tonight. Answer : (are eating)
They …… (drive) to school tomorrow. Answer : (are driving)
Maria …… (have) a cold. Answer : (has)
Jorge …… (swim) right now. Answer : (is swimming)
Jerry …… (mow) the lawn now. Answer : (is mowing)
Something …… (smell) Very good. Answer : (smells)
He …… (practice) the piano every day. Answer : (practices)
I …… (believe) you. Answer : (believe)
John …… (hate) smoke. Answer : (hates)
Jill always …… (get) up at 6:0 am. Answer : (gets)

Simple Past Tense
kegiatan yang terjadi pada masa lampau (waktunya spesifik)
Rumus :
Did (person) + V1………(?)
(person) did not + V1…..(-)

Past Progressive Tense
kegiatan yang sedang terjadi pada masa lampau tapi tiba – tiba diselingi dengan kejadian lagi (menggunakan When)
bila kegiatan tersebut terjadi secara bersamaan menggunaan kata penghubung while.
Rumus
(I, he, she, it) was + V-ing……(+)
(you, we, they) were + V-ing…(+)
was (I, he, she, it) + V-ing…….(?)
were (you, we, they) + V-ing….(?)
(I, he, she, it) was not + V-ing…(-)
(you, we, they) were not + V-ing..(-)

Example : Simple Past and Past Progressive
Gene ……(eat) dinner when his friend called. Answer : (was eating)
While Maria was cleaning the apartment, her husband ……(sleep). Answer : (was sleeping)
At three o’clock this morning, Elennor ……(study). Answer : (was studying)
When Mark arrived, the Johnsons …… (have) dinner, but they stopped in order to talk to him. Answer : (were having)
John …… (go) to France last year. Answer : (went)
When the teacher …… (enter) the room, the student were talking. Answer : (enter)
While Joan was writing the report, Henry …… (look) for more information. Answer : (was looking)
We …… (see) this movie last right. Answer : (saw)
At one time, Mr.Roberts …… (own) this building. Answer : (owned)
Jose …… (writer) a letter to his family where his pencil …… (broke). Answer : (broke)

Present Perfect Tense
Kejadian di masa lampau yang masih berlangsung hingga sekarang
Kejadian di masa lampau yang tidak jelas waktunya.
Kejadian di masa lampau yang terjadi lebih dari 1 (satu) kali.
Rumus :
(I, you, we, they) have + V3………(+)
(he, she, it) has + V3………………(+)
Have (I, you, we, they) + V3……..(?)
Has (he, she, it) + V3……………..(?)
(I, you, we, they) have not + V3…(-)
(he, she, it) has not + V3………….(-)

Example : Present Perfect and Past Tense
John …… (write) his report last night. Answer : (wrote)
Bob …… (see) this movie before. Answer : (has seen)
Jorge …… (read) the newspaper already. Answer : (has read)
Mr.Johnsons …… (work) in the same place for thirty – five years and he not planning to retire yet. Answer : (has work)
We …… (begin / negative) to study for the last yet. Answer : (aren’t begun)
George …… (go) to the store at ten o’clock this morning. Answer : (went)
Joan …… (travel) around the world. Answer : (has travel)
Betty …… (write) a letter last night. Answer : (wrote)
Guillermo …… (call) his employer yesterday. Answer : (called)
We …… (see/negative) this movie yet. Answer : (haven’t seen)

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s


%d bloggers like this: